Charlie's Sneaker FAQ and Glossary - I
This FAQ and Glossary defines a number of terms used in regards to athletic shoes, Charlie, or sneakers.
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- In medieval mythology, an evil spirit that violates women while they sleep.
Unfortunately, Reebok used this name for a
shoe in 1997. Later, they recalled them. The name
"Incubus" was only on the box, so they were able to re-issue the shoe with
another name. I (Charlie) never heard what the other name was.
An athletic shoe cushioning
technology introduced by Nike. They look like
Nike took the plastic "dough" left over from punching out
Shox columns and turned it on its side.
- Inert gas
- At least four manufacturers use an inert gas of some type in their cushioning systems:
- And 1 uses an unidentified (probably inert) gas in their
Harmonix cushioning system.
- Converse introduced their first style
with helium cushioning in November 1999.
- Nike AIR
is also a (more or less) inert gas; one source (and
US Patent 4340626) indicates that it is
the "greenhouse gas" sulfur hexafluoride. However, Nike has since
been issued US Patent 5042176, which
describes system enhancements that allow the use of
- Ryka has, in the past, introduced athletic
shoes with nitrogen cushioning.
- The portion of the shoe sole upon which the foot or sock
rests while in use. Also known as the sockliner. See
the color-coded sneaker
for an illustration.
- International Manufacturing
- GENERAL RULE: To exclude a certain undesired country from your
sneaker purchases, one will
need to search on a "box by box" basis. The major manufacturers all source from
a number of countries. There are some
rules from the United States Federal
Trade Commission that define terms used to describe products partly or totally made in
the United States:
- A product with 70% or more domestic content qualifies for a
"Made in the United States" designation.
- A product with less than 70% domestic content, but some United States
assembly, may legally be labeled "Made in the
United States from domestic and imported materials."
Given the above descriptive terms, the following applies:
- New Balance is a proverbial can of worms:
- Some of their models (example: the 999) qualify as made in the United
- Other of their models (example: the 712) qualify as "made in the United States from domestic and imported
- Still other of their models (example: the 620) are imported.
- Nike, though associated with foreign
production, comes in for some remarks here. The Nike Air
components are made in Missouri at Nike
IHM; Nike keeps the production in-house.
- Sometimes, production of a familiar shoe transitions from one country to
another. I (Charlie) have even seen a manufacturer make different sizes of one style
in three different nations. WATCH
Certain athletic shoe manufacturers
(including ASICS and Nike)
have recently taken to a bizarre labeling practice. They label the country of origin
for the cardboard box (the United States)
and separately label the origin of the shoes inside!
- International Size Cross-Reference
- Look here for the international size cross-reference tables for infants,
- An advanced technology that allows one to visit the Web sites of athletic shoe companies and generally waste time even
more effectively than television. Look
here for Web browser information.
- A medical procedure used to treat the sickest and the healthiest. As to
the healthiest: Even the healthiest runners
can end out getting an IV if they try to run until they drop! Sometimes
called a "drip" but that's not necessarily the case if they're treating a
severely dehydrated individual. (Been there, done that.) Blood product donation is an IV going the other way (or, in the case of automated procedures like plateletpheresis, both ways).
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Last Updated: 12 February 2017
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Charlie's Sneaker Pages copyright 1995-2017 by Charles L. Perrin.
READERS PLEASE NOTE: Names of athletic shoe manufacturers, shoe styles, and technologies may be trademarked by the manufacturers. Charlie's Sneaker Pages uses these names solely to describe the shoes with the same familiar nomenclature used by the manufacturer and recognized by the reader.